Many dog owners are shocked when they discover an inflamed area on their dog's skin. Not infrequently, this is a so-called "hot spot", which can have several causes. How the nasty spots can arise and how they should be treated is explained in this article. The most important thing, however, is to prevent the recurrence of dermatitis.
The diagnosis of dermatitis and skin changes should always be left to a veterinarian. But even a layman can quickly detect inflamed areas of redness, swelling and the development of heat. Even at the beginning it can come to the vulnerable skin areas to hair loss. If the inflammation has progressed, it can lead to pain, as well as the emergence of a secretion. In these cases, a veterinarian should be consulted as soon as possible.
A hot spot can be triggered by several causes. Most of the time, various factors come together, ultimately provoking local dermatitis.
Diseases, parasites or infections can cause hot spots. These include, for example:
None of these factors inevitably leads to a hot spot. However, it may come to local irritation of skin areas, whereupon the dog can react with scratching, licking or gnawing. As a result, the spot ignites and swells increasingly. This is usually relatively quickly by a circular hair loss, as well as the secretion of wound secretions noticeable.
Some breeds that have extra thick fur are more prone to hot spots. These include, for example, the Golden retriever, the German sheepdog or the Bernese Mountain Dog, Their dense fur makes it difficult to ventilate the skin and may result in slight skin damage not being noticed at first. Especially in the summer months occur most dermatitis, because the heat and possibly damp coat after swimming favor the problem.
The occurrence of hot spots is not limited to long-haired dogs, but can occur in all dog breeds.